Hello and welcome to Historic Naval Fiction.

This Fan site is dedicated to the Age of Sail and the transition to steam, and in particular the time of "Nelson's Navy".

Battle of Basque Roads by Thomas WhitcombeThe Battle of Basque Roads took place on the night of 11 April 1809 off the coast of France.

The Royal Navy, under the command of Admiral Lord Gambier, drove ashore the French fleet under the command of Vice-Admiral Zacharie Allemand.


The Battle of the Basque Roads was fought off the Island of Aix, on the Biscay shore of France. Captain Thomas Cochrane led a British force of 27 ships, including explosion vessels and fireships, in an attack against the French fleet anchored in the Basque Roads in two lines and protected by a boom. The explosion vessels destroyed the boom however only 4 of the fireships tried to engage and Cochrane believed the French fleet should have been completely destroyed.

Whilst the fireships missed their target they still inflicted considerable indirect damage as when the French sighted them taking flame several miles away, they believed they were seeing more explosion-vessels at much closer range. Attempting to escape most of the ships either cut their anchor cables and drifted or hoisted sail, but all but 2 drove ashore.

Throughout the morning of 12 April, Cochrane signalled Lord Gambier to attack the paralyzed French squadron. (Gambier was 14 miles offshore with the blockading fleet; Cochrane had one frigate under his command.) Finally, in desperation, at 13:00 Cochrane allowed his ship to drift toward shore, coming under fire of the land-based fortifications, trying to compel Gambier to send ships to aid Cochrane's frigate. The strategy worked; at 13:30, seven British ships came in, and Cochrane spent the rest of the day capturing and destroying French ships.

Much to Cochrane's displeasure, on 13 April, the other ships returned to Lord Gambier's position offshore, and Cochrane ignored repeated orders from Gambier to also disengage. Cochrane instead destroyed more French vessels before finally obeying Gambier's signals, and the battle ended.

Cochrane accused the British commanding officer, Admiral James Gambier, of being reluctant to press the attack. Gambier demanded a court-martial, and was duly exonerated which ended Cochrane's Naval career during the war.

  Ships Guns Captain Ships fate
  British Fleet - Cochrane's Squadron  
UK Impérieuse 38 Lord Thomas Cochrane  
UK Aigle 36 George Wolfe  
UK Pallas 32 George Francis Seymour  
UK Unicorn 32 Lucius Hardyman   
UK Redpole 10 John Joyce  
UK Lyra 10 William Bevians  
UK Ætna Bomb Lt. William Godfrey NW of Isle d'Aix
UK Indefatigable 44 John Treymayne Rodd  Covering Ætna
UK Foxhound 18 Pitt Barnaby Greene Covering Ætna
UK Emerald 36 Frederick Lewis Maitland Diversion force
UK Beagle 18 Francis Newcombe Diversion force
UK Dotterel 18 Anthony Abdy Diversion force
UK Conflict 12 Lt. Joseph B. Batt Diversion force
UK Growler 12 Lt. Richard Crossman Diversion force
UK Whiting Rocket Lt. Henry Wildey Near the Boyart shoal
UK Nimrod Rocket Mstrs. Mate Edward Tapley Near the Boyart shoal
UK King George Rocket Mstrs. Mate Thomas Makeet Near the Boyart shoal
UK Mediator Flute James Wooldridge Used as Fireship
UK Fireships and 3 Explosion vessels
  British Fleet - Gambiers offshore fleet  
UK Caledonia 120 Flag - Admiral Lord James Gambier
Cptn. of the Fleet - Sir Harry Neale
Cptn. - William Bedford
UK Caesar 80

Flag - Rear-Admiral Hon. Robert Stopford
Cptn. Charles Richardson

UK Gibraltar 80 Henry Lidgbird Ball  
UK Hero 74 James Newman  
UK Donegal 74 Pulteney Malcolm  
UK Resolution 74 George Burlton  
UK Theseus 74 John Poer Beresford  
UK Valiant 74 John Bligh  
UK Illustrious 74 William Robert Broughton  
UK Bellona 74 Stair Douglas  
UK Revenge 74 Alexander Robert Ken  
British Fleet - Also Present
UK Thunder Bomb James Caulfield  
UK Insolent 14 Lt. John Row Morris  
UK Encounter 12 Lt. James Hugh Talbot  
UK Contest 12 Lt. John Gregory  
UK Fervent 12 Lt. John Edward Hare  
UK Transports
UK 3 Congreve Rocket barges
French Fleet - First Defensive Line  
France Pallas 46 ? Grounded off fort of Barques
France Hortense 46 ? Grounded Fontenelles
France Indienne 46 Cptn. Guillaume-Marcelin Proteau Grounded off Pointe Aiguille -
Set on fire by crew & exploded
French Fleet - Second Defensive Line
France Calcutta 54 Cptn. Jean-Baptiste Lafon (Shot by Firing Squad) Grounded Palles -
UK Set on fire & exploded
France Cassard 74 ?  
France Régulus 74 Cptn. Lucas Grounded Charenton
France Océan 118 Flag - Vice-Admiral Zacharie Allemand
Cptn. - ?
Grounded Aix Road
France Ville de Varsovie 80 ? Grounded Charenton -
UK Burnt
France Foudroyant 80 ?  
French Fleet - Third Defensive Line
France Elbe 46 ? Grounded Fontenelles
France Tourville 74 Cptn. Charles-Nicolas Lacaille (Imprisoned) Grounded off Isle Madame
France Aquilon 74 Cptn. Maingan (Killed in Action) Grounded Charenton -
UK Burnt
France Jemmapes 80 ? Grounded Charenton
France Patriote 74 ? Grounded off Isle Madame
France Tonnerre 74 Clément de la Roncière Grounded Pontra -
Set on fire by crew & exploded
French Fleet - Also Present

Other smaller ships

France Shore Batteries  


Battle of CopenhagenThe Battle of Copenhagen took pace on 2nd April 1801 anchored of Copenhagen.

The Royal Navy, under the command of Sir Horatio Nelson (overall command Sir Hyde Parker) defeated the Danish defenders under Olfert Fischer and Steen Bille. 


The League of Armed Neutrality comprising Scandinavia, Prussia, and Russia, to enforce free trade with France, was seen by Britain as a threat to the supply of timber and naval stores from Scandinavia.

A fleet was sent which needed to act before the Baltic Sea thawed and released the Russian fleet. Parker was ordered to detach Denmark from the League by 'amicable arrangement or by actual hostilities'. On 30 March they passed through the narrows.

The Danish fleet was moored along the shore with old ships (hulks), no longer fit for service at sea, but still powerfully armed, as a line of floating batteries off the eastern coast of the island of Amager, in front of the city in the King's Channel. The northern end of the line terminated at the Tre Kroner forts armed with 68 guns. Batteries covered the water between the Danish line and the shore, and further out to sea a large shoal, the Middle Ground, constricted the channel. The British spent most of the night of 31 March taking soundings in the channel up to the Danish line.

Parker gave Nelson the shallower draft ships whilst he remained to the north-east screening Nelson from external interference. The British ships anchored by the stern about a cable (240 yards) from the Danes and they exchanged broadsides until a ship ceased firing. Thinking that Nelson might be being fought to a stand-still but unable to retreat without orders Parker signalled to discontinue the action but upon receiving it Nelson made his famous comment "You know, Foley, I only have one eye - I have the right to be blind sometimes," and holding his telescope to his blind eye "I really do not see the signal!".

Eventually the superior gunnery of the British started to silence the Danish ships. The cessation of firing left the way open for the British bomb vessels to approach Copenhagen. Several Danish ships fired on British boats sent out to them after their officers had signalled their surrender and Nelson said that he 'must either send on shore and stop this irregular proceeding, or send in our fire ships and burn them'. He sent a note under a flag of truce to the Dano-Norwegian regent, Crown Prince Frederik. After a further exchange of notes a twenty-four hour ceasefire was agreed.

The Danish-Norwegian loses were estimated between 1,135 to 2,215 captured, killed or wounded. British casualties were 264 killed and 689 wounded. Eleven Danish prizes were burnt and Holsteen returned to England with the wounded.

Novels based around this battle.

  Ships Guns Captain Ships fate
British Fleet - Nelson's Squadron  
UK Polyphemus 64 John Lawford  
UK Isis 50 James Walker  
UK Edgar 74 George Murray  
UK Ardent 64 Thomas Bertie  
UK Glatton 56 William Bligh  
UK Elephant 74 Flag - Vice Admiral Sir Horatio Nelson
Cptn. - Thomas Foley
UK Ganges 74 Thomas Francis Fremantle  
UK Monarch 74 James Robert Mosse  
UK Defiance 74

Flag - Rear-Admiral Thomas Graves
Cptn. - Richard Retalick 

UK Russell 74 William Cuming  
UK Bellona 74 Thomas Boulden Thompson  
UK Agamemnon 64 Robert Devereux Fancourt  
UK Désirée 36 Henry Inman  
UK Amazon 38 Edward Riou (Killed in Action)  
UK Blanche 36 Graham Eden Hamond  
UK Alcmène 32 Samuel Sutton  
UK Jamaica 24 Jonas Rose  
UK Arrow 28 William Bolton  
UK Dart 28 John Ferris Devonshire  
UK Cruizer 18 Cdr. James Brisbane  
UK Harpy 18 Cdr. William Birchall  
UK Discovery Bomb Cdr. John Conn  
UK Explosion Bomb Cdr. John Henry Martin  
UK Hecla Bomb Cdr. Richard Hatherhill  
UK Sulphur Bomb Cdr. Hender Whitter  
UK Terror Bomb Cdr. Samuel Campbell Rowley  
UK Volcano Bomb Cdr. James Watson  
UK Zebra Bomb Cdr. Edward Sneyd Clay  
UK Otter Fireship Cdr. George M'Kinley  
UK Zephyr Fireship Cdr. Clotworthy Upton  
Danish Fleet - King's Deep Division (North to South)
Denmark Prøvesteenen 60 Cptn. L. F. Lassen UK Captured
Denmark Wagrien 50 Cptn. F.C. Risbrich UK Captured
Denmark Rendsborg 20 Lt. C.T.Egede UK Captured 
Denmark Nyborg 20 Lt. C.A. Rothe Sunk
Denmark Jylland 50 Cptn. E.O.Branth UK Captured 
Denmark Sværdfisken 20 Lt. S.S. Sommerfeldt  
Denmark Kronborg 22 Lt. J.E. Hauch UK Captured 
Denmark Hajen 20 Lt. J.N. Müller  
Denmark Dannebrog 60 Flag - Cptn. Olfert Fischer
Cptn. - F.A. Bruun
Caught fire & blew up
Denmark Elven 10 Lt. H. Holsten  
Denmark Grenier's float 20 (floating battery)  
Denmark Aggershus 20 Lt. T. Fassing Sunk
Denmark Siælland 74 Cptn. F.C.L. Harboe  
Denmark Charlotte Amalia 26 Cptn. H.H. Kofoed UK Captured 
Denmark Søehesten 18 Lt. B.U. Middelboe  
Denmark Holsteen 60 Cptn. J. Arenfelt UK Captured
Denmark Indfødsretten 64 A. de Turah  
Denmark Hjelperen 16 Lt. P.C. Lilienskiold Withdrew
Danish - Fortifications      
Denmark Sea battery TreKroner 68    
Denmark Sea Battery Lynetten      
Denmark Land battery Sixtus      
Denmark Land battery Quintus      
Denmark Fortress Kastellet      
British Fleet - Also Present - Parker's Reserve Squadron   
UK London 98

Flag - Admiral Sir Hyde Parker
Cptn. of the Fleet - William Domett
 Cptn. - Robert Walker Otway

UK St George 98 Thomas Masterman Hardy  
UK Defence 74 Henry Paulet  
UK Ramillies 74 James William Taylor Dixon  
UK Saturn 74 Robert Lambert  
UK Warrior 74 Charles Tyler  
UK Raisonnable 64 John Dilkes  
UK Veteran 64 Archibald Collingwood Dickson  
Danish Fleet - Also Present - Inner Run Division
Denmark Elephanten 70    
Denmark Mars 74    
Denmark Sarpen 18    
Denmark Nidelven 18    
Denmark Danmark 74    
Denmark Trekroner 74 (not to be confused with Tre Kroner fortress)  
Danish Fleet - Also Present - Inner Harbour Division (Flag - Cptn. Stein Bille)
Denmark Iris 40    
Denmark Aalborg   x  
Denmark Arendel   x  
Denmark Christiansund   x  
Denmark Flensborg   x  
Denmark Langesund   x  
Denmark Naskau      
Denmark Nykøbing   x  
Denmark Odense   x  
Denmark Stavaern      
Denmark Stege      
Denmark Viborg      



Glorious First of JuneThe Glorious First of June, the first fleet action of the Revolutionary War, took place over 3 days in 1794 400 nautical miles (740 km) west of Ushant in the Atlantic Ocean.

The British fleet, under the command of Lord Howe with 25 ships of the line defeated a French fleet of 26 ships under the command of Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse which was protecting a vitally important grain convoy from the United States


The two fleets first sighted each other on 28 May when a squadron of the fastest British ships cut off the rearmost French  vessel Révolutionnaire which was engaged with HMS Audacious as darkness fell. They parted during the night and returned to their respective home ports.

Next day Howe's attempt to split the French fleet in half failed when the lead ship, HMS Caesar, failed to turn when ordered, although both fleets suffered damage in the inconclusive action that followed. Three French ships were sent back to port with damage, but the next day a detached squadron under Admral Nielly joined. The fleets did not engage the next two days because of thick fog. They met again 1 June 1794. Howe ordered each of his ships to turn individually towards the French line, intending to breach it at every point and rake the French ships at both bow and stern however many captains could not break through due to the good order of the French line. This meant that those ships which did break through met the combined fire of many ships and were badly damaged. HMS Defence was the first to break the French line. Within an hour the British and French lines were hopelessly confused, with three separate engagements being fought within sight of one another. Eventually 11 French ships under Villaret in Montagne broke away and formed a new line leaving badly damaged ships of both sides drifting between the two fleets.

After a further brief engagement the two fleets seperated and the French withdrew taking several dismasted ships with them. This led to subsequent condemnation of the British for not capturing more ships although they were badly damaged and the French would most probably have opposed the attempt. Most sources accept that French casualties in the campaign numbered approximately 7,000, including around 3,000 captured, but these figures are vague and frequently do not agree with each other on details. British casualties are easier to confirm but here too there are some discrepancies; overall British casualties are generally given as around 1,200. Whilst the British won the battle, tactically they lost as the grain convoy arrived safely.

Novels based around this battle.

  Ships Guns Captain Ships fate
British Fleet (1st June)
UK Caesar 80  Anthony Molloy  
UK Bellerophon 74 Flag - Rear-Admiral Thomas Pasley 
Cptn. - William Johnstone Hope 
Extensive damage to masts and rigging
UK Leviathan 74 Lord Hugh Seymour  
UK Russell 74 John Willett Payne  
UK Royal Sovereign 100

Flag - Vice-Admiral Thomas Graves
Cptn. - Henry Nicholls

Damage to masts and rigging
UK Marlborough  74 George Cranfield-Berkeley   Totally dismasted
UK Defence 74 James Gambier Totally dismasted
UK Impregnable 98 Flag - Rear-Admiral Benjamin Caldwell
Cptn. - George B. Westcott 
Damage to masts and rigging
UK Tremendous 74 James Pigott  
UK Barfleur 98 Flag - Rear-Admiral George Bowyer
Cptn. - Cuthbert Collingwood 
UK Invincible 74 Thomas Pakenham  
UK Culloden 74 Isaac Schomberg   
UK Gibraltar  80 Thomas Mackenzie   
UK Queen Charlotte 100  Flag - Admiral Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe
Cptn. of the Fleet - Sir Roger Curtis
Cptn. - Sir Andrew Snape Douglas  
 Extensive damage to masts and rigging
UK Brunswick 74 John Harvey (Mortally wounded)
Lt. William Edward Cracraft (Acting)
Lost mizenmast
Extensive damage to other masts and rigging
UK Valiant 74 Thomas Pringle    
UK Orion 74 John Thomas Duckworth Minor damage to masts and rigging
UK Queen  98 Flag - Rear-Admiral Alan Gardner
Cptn. - John Hutt (Mortally wounded)
Lost mainmast
Damage to other masts and rigging
UK Ramillies  74 Henry Harvey  
UK Alfred  74 John Bazeley   
UK Montagu  74 James Montagu (Killed in Action)  
UK Royal George   100 Flag - Vice-Admiral Sir Alexander Hood
Cptn. - William Domett
UK Majestic  74  Charles Cotton    
UK Glory  98 John Elphinstone  
UK Thunderer  74  Albemarle Bertie    
French Fleet (1st June)
France Trajan  74 Dumoutier  
France Éole 74 Bertrand Keranguin  
France America 74 Louis L'Héritier UK Captured 
France Téméraire 74 Morel  
France Terrible 110 Flag - Rear-Admiral François-Joseph Bouvet 
Cptn. - Pierre-Jacques Longer
Lost main and mizen masts
France Impétueux 74 Douville (Killed in Action) UK Captured 
France Mucius 74 Larrégny  Totally dismasted
France Tourville 74 Langlois  
France Gasparin 74 Tardy  
France Convention 74 Joseph-Allary  
France  Trente-et-un-Mai  74 Honoré Joseph Antoine Ganteaume Extensive damage to masts and rigging
France Tyrannicide 74 Alain-joseph Dordelin  Extensive damage to masts and rigging
France Juste 80 Blavet UK Captured  
France Montagne 120 Flag - Rear-Admiral Louis Thomas Villaret de Joyeuse
Flag Cptn. - Paul Basire (Killed in Action)
Cptn. - Jean-François Vignot
France Jacobin 80 Jean André Gassin  
France Achille 74 Guillaume-Jean-Nöel La Villegris UK Captured   
France Vengeur du Peuple 74 Jean François Renaudin UK Captured and sunk 
France Patriote 74 Lucadou  
France Northumberland  74 François-Pierre Etienne UK Captured   
France Entreprenant 74 LeFrancq  
France Jemmappes  74 Desmartis Totally dismasted
France Neptune  74 Tiphane  
France Pelletier  74 Berrade   
France Républicain 110 Flag - Rear-Admiral Joseph-Marie Nielly
Cptn. - Pierre-Mandé Lebeau
Totally dismasted
France Sans Pareil 80 Jean-François Courand UK Captured  
France Scipion  80 Huguet Totally dismasted
British Fleet - Also Present
UK Latona 38  Edward Thornbrough    
UK Phaeton 38  William Bentinck  
UK Aquilon 36  Robert Stopford  
UK Niger 36 Captain Arthur Kaye Legge  
UK Southampton 36 Robert Forbes  
UK Venus 36 William Brown  
UK Pegasus 28 Robert Barlow  
UK Kingfisher 18 Thomas Le Marchant Gosseyln  
UK Ranger 16 Lt. Charles Cotgrave  
UK Rattler 16 Lt. John Winne  
UK Comet 14 Cdr. William Bradley Fireship
UK Incendiary 14 Cdr. John Cooke Fireship
UK Charon   George Countess Hospital ship
French Fleet - Also Present
France Tamise 32 Jean-Marthe-Adrien L'Hermite  
France The French fleet was accompanied by approximately 16 frigates, corvettes, brigs and cutters.



Battle of CamperdownThe Battle of the Camperdown (Kamperduin) took place on the 11th October 1797 off the Dutch coast.

The Royal Navy, under the command of Admiral Adam Duncan with 24 ships defeated a Dutch fleet of 25 ships under the command of Admiral Jan Willem de Winter.


The British attacked in two columns with Duncan leading one line in Venerable and Vice-Admiral Richard Onslow leading the other in Monarch. The British attacked quickly to prevent the Dutch ships from reaching the protection of shallow waters near the coast. Venerable broke through the Dutch line and engaged de Winter's flagship, Vrijheid and several other British ships broke through as well. After a close action several Dutch ships managed to flee east; 11 were captured including the flagship, Vrijheid, but the British ships were too damaged to pursue.

British casualties were 220 killed and 812 wounded; Dutch casualties were 540 killed and 620 wounded. Admiral de Winter, taken prisoner when his flagship, dismasted and with over half her crew killed or wounded, struck attempted to hand his sword to Duncan who refused and shook his hand instead.

Novels based around this battle.

  Ships Guns Captain Ships fate
British Fleet - Windward Division    
UK Triumph 74 William Essington  
UK Venerable 74 Flag - Admiral Adam Duncan
Cptn. - William Fairfax
UK Ardent 64 Richard Burges (Killed in Action)  
UK Bedford 74 Thomas Byard  
UK Lancaster 64 John Wells  
UK Belliqueux 64 John Inglis  
UK Adamant 50 William Hotham  
UK Isis 50 William Mitchell  
UK Circe 28 Peter Halkett  
British Fleet - Leeward Division    
UK Russell 74 Henry Trollope  
UK Director 64 William Bligh  
UK Montagu 74 John Knight  
UK Veteran 64 George Gregory  
UK Monarch 74 Flag - Vice-Admiral Richard Onslow
Cptn. - Edward O'Brien
UK Powerful 74 William Drury  
UK Monmouth 64 James Walker  
UK Agincourt 64 John Williamson  
UK Beaulieu 40 Francis Fayerman  
Dutch Fleet - Line of Battle      
Fleets_Netherlands_Flag Gelijkheid 68 Cdr. H. A. Ruijsch UK Captured 
Fleets_Netherlands_Flag Beschermer 56 Cptn. Hinxt (Killed in Action)  
Fleets_Netherlands_Flag Hercules 64 Cdr. Rijsoort UK Caught fire & captured
Fleets_Netherlands_Flag Tjerk Hiddes De Vries 68 Cptn. J. B. Zegers UK Captured 
Fleets_Netherlands_Flag Vrijheid 74 Flag - Admiral Jan Willem de Winter
Cdr. - L. W. van Rossum (Killed in Action)
UK Captured
Fleets_Netherlands_Flag Staten-Generaal 74 Flag - Rear-Admiral Samuel Story
Cptn. - ?
Fleets_Netherlands_Flag Wassenaar 64 Cdr. A. Holland (Killed in Action) UK Captured 
Fleets_Netherlands_Flag Batavier 56 Cdr. Souter  
Fleets_Netherlands_Flag  Brutus 74 Flag - Rear-Admiral Bloys van Treslong
Commodore Polders
Fleets_Netherlands_Flag Leijden 68 Cdr. J. D. Musquetier  
Fleets_Netherlands_Flag Mars 44 Cdr. J. H. Kloff  
Fleets_Netherlands_Flag Cerberus  68 Cdr. Jacobsen  
Fleets_Netherlands_Flag Jupiter 72 Flag - Vice-Admiral Reyntjes
Cptn. - ?
UK Captured
Fleets_Netherlands_Flag Haarlem 68 Cptn. O. Wiggerts UK Captured
Fleets_Netherlands_Flag Alkmaar 56 Cptn. J. W. Krafft UK Captured 
Fleets_Netherlands_Flag Delft 54 Cptn. G. Verdooren UK Captured. Sank on 14th
British Fleet - Also Present      
UK Martin 16 Cdr. Charles Paget   
UK Active 12 Lt. J. Hamilton  
UK Diligent 12 Lt. T. Dawson  
UK King George 12 Lt. James Rains  
UK Rose 10 Lt. Joseph Brodie  
UK Speculator 8 Lt. H. Hales  
Dutch Fleet - Frigate Line      
Fleets_Netherlands_Flag Atalante 18 Cdr. B. Pletsz  
Fleets_Netherlands_Flag Heldin 32 Cdr. Dumenil de Lestrille  
Fleets_Netherlands_Flag Galathée 18 Cdr. Riverij UK Captured 
Fleets_Netherlands_Flag Minerva 24 Cdr. Eijlbrecht  
Fleets_Netherlands_Flag Ajax 18 Lt. Arkenbout  
Fleets_Netherlands_Flag Waakzaamheid 24 Cdr. Meindert Van Mierop  
Fleets_Netherlands_Flag Ambuscade 36 Cdr. J. Huijs UK Captured, aground and recaptured later
Fleets_Netherlands_Flag Daphne 18 Lt. Frederiks  
Fleets_Netherlands_Flag Monnikendam 44 Cdr. Thomas Lancester UK Captured & wrecked
Fleets_Netherlands_Flag Haasje 6 Lt. Hartingveld  




Battle of Trafalgar by WC StanfieldThe Battle of Trafalgar took place on the 21st October 1805 off the coast of Spain.

The Royal Navy, under the command of Vice-Admiral the Lord Nelson (who died in the action) with 27 ships of the line defeated a combined Franco-Spanish fleet of 33 ships under the command of Vice-Admiral Pierre de Villeneuve.


The Britsh fleet was divided into two lines under Nelson and Collingwood which, after suffering a raking fire during their approach, cut through the Franco/Spanish line to cut off and overwhelm the centre and rear before the van could turn in support. After a fierce engagement this tactic proved succesful with many French and Spanish ships taken.

A storm that blew up at the end of the battle which resulted in the loss of many of the captured ships.

Novels based around this battle.

  Ships Guns Captain Ships fate
  British Fleet - Weather Column  
UK Victory 100 Flag - Vice-Admiral Lord Nelson (Killed in Action)
Cptn. - Thomas Masterman Hardy
UK Temeraire 98 Eliab Harvey  
UK Neptune 98 Thomas Francis Fremantle  
UK Leviathan 74 Henry William Bayntun  
UK Conqueror 74 Israel Pellew  
UK Brittania 100 Flag - Rear Admiral the Earl of Northesk
Cptn. - Charles Bullen
UK Agamemnon 64 Sir Edward Berry  
UK Ajax 74 Lt. John Pilford (acting captain)  
UK Orion 74 Edward Codrington  
UK Minotaur 74 Charles John Moore Mansfield  
UK Spartiate 74 Sir Francis Laforey  
  British Fleet - Lee Column  
UK Royal Sovereign 100 Flag - Vice-Admiral Cuthbert Collingwood
Cptn. - Edward Rotheram
UK Belleisle 74 William Hargood  
UK Mars 74 George Duff (Killed in Action)
Lt. William Hennah (Acting)
UK Tonnant 80 Charles Tyler  
UK Bellerophon 74 John Cooke (Killed in Action)
Lt. William Pryce Cumby (Acting)
UK Collosus 74 James Nicoll Morris  
UK Achille 74 Richard King  
UK Revenge 74 Robert Moorsom  
UK Polyphemus 64 Robert Redmill  
UK Swiftsure 74 William Gordon Rutherfurd  
UK Dreadnought 98 John Conn  
UK Defiance 74 Philip Charles Durham  
UK Thunderer 74 Lt. John Stockham (acting captain)  
UK Defence 74 George Hope  
UK Prince 98 Richard Grindall  
  British Fleet - Isolated attacking head of Franco-Spanish Fleet  
UK Africa 64 Henry Digby  
  Franco-Spanish Fleet  
Spain Neptuno 80 Don H Cayetano Valdés y Flores UK Captured. Recaptured & foundered 23 Oct.
France Scipion 74 Charles Bellanger UK (Eventually captured 4 Nov.)
Spain Rayo 100 Don Enrique MacDonnell  UK (Eventually captured & foundered 23 Oct.)
France Formidable 80 Flag - Rear-Admiral Pierre-Etienne-René-Marie Dumanoir Le Pelley
Cptn. - Jean-Marie Lettelier
UK (Eventually captured 4 Nov)
France Duguay Trouin 74 Claude Toufflet UK (Eventually captured 4 Nov.)
France Mont Blanc 74 Guillaume-Jean-Noël Lavillegris UK (Eventually captured 4 Nov.)
Spain San Francisco de Asis 74 Don Luis de Florès UK Captured. Recaptured & wrecked 23 Oct.
Spain San Agustin 74 Don Felipe Jado Cagigal UK Captured. Abandoned and burnt 28 Oct.
France Héros 74 Jean-Baptiste-Joseph-René Poulain  
Spain Nuestra Señora de la Santísima Trinidad 136 Flag - Rear Admiral Báltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros
Cptn. - Francisco Javier de Uriarte y Borja
UK Captured. Foundered 23 Oct.
France Bucentaure 80 Flag - Vice-Admiral Pierre-Charles-Jean-Baptiste-Silvestre de Villeneuve
Cptn. - Jean-Jacques Magendie
UK Captured. Recaptured & wrecked 23 Oct.
France Neptune 80 Commodore Espirit Tranquille Maistral  
France Redoutable 74 Jean Jacques Etienne Lucas UK Captured. Foundered 23 Oct.
Spain San Leandro 64 Don José Quevedo  
Spain San Justo 74 Don Francisco Javier Garstón  
Spain Santa Ana 112 Flag - Vice-Admiral Ignacio María de Álava y Navarrete
Cptn. - Don José de Gardoqui
UK Captured. Recaptured 23 Oct.
France Indomptable 80 Jean Joseph Hubert Wrecked 24 Oct.
France Fougueux 74 Louis Alexis Baudoin (Killed in Action) UK Captured. Wrecked 22 Oct.
France Intrépide 74 Louis-Antoine-Cyprien Infernet UK Captured. Blown up deliberately 24 Oct.
Spain Monarcha 74 Don Teodoro de Argumosa UK Captured. Foundered 25 Oct.
France Pluton 74 Julien-Marie Cosmao-Kerjulien  
Spain Bahama 74 Dionisio Alcalá Galiano (Killed in Action) UK Captured
France L'Aigle 74 Pierre-Paul Gourège UK Captured. Wrecked 23 Oct.
Spain Montãnez 74 Francisco Alcedo y Bustamente  
France Algésiras 74 Flag - Rear-Admiral Charles-René Magon de Médine (Killed in Action)
Cptn. -Laurant Le Tourneur
UK Captured. Recaptured 23 Oct.
Spain Argonauta 80 Don Antonio Parejo UK Captured & Scuttled
France Swiftsure 74 Charles-Eusèbe l'Hôpitalier-Villemadrin UK Captured
France Argonaute 74 Jacques Epron-Desjardins  
Spain San Ildefonso 74 Don Jose Ramón de Vargas y Varáez UK Captured
France Achille 74 Louis Gabriel Deniéport Surrendered & blew up
Spain Principe de Asturias 112 Flag - Admiral Don Federico Carlos Gravina y Nápoli (Died of his wounds 9 Mar 1806)
Flag - Rear-Admiral Don Antonio de Escãno
Cptn. Commodore Rafael de Hore
France Berwick 74 Jean-Gilles Filhol-Carnas Captured. Foundered 22 Oct.
Spain San Juan Nepomuceno 74 Commodore Don Cosmé Damián Churruca y Elorza (Killed in Action) UK Captured
  British Fleet - Also Present  
UK Naiad 38 Thomas Dundas  
UK Euryalus 36 Hon. Henry Blackwood  
UK Phoebe 36 Hon. Thomas Bladen Capel  
UK Sirius 36 William Prowse  
UK Pickle 12 Lt. John Richards La Penotière  
UK Entreprenante 10 Lt. Robert Benjamin Young  
  Franco-Spanish Fleet - Also Present  
France Cornélie 40 de Martinenq  
France Hermione 40 Mahé  
France Hortense 40 La Marre La Melilerie  
France Rhin 40 MJA Chesneau  
France Thémis 40 Jugan  
France Furet 18 Lt. Dumay  
France Argus 16 Lt. Tailliard  


Battle of Cape St Vincent by Robert CleveleyThe Battle of Cape St. Vincent took place on the 14th  February 1797 off the coast of Portugal.

The Royal Navy, under the command of Admiral Sir John Jervis with 15 ships of the line defeated a Spanish fleet of 27 ships under the command of Vice-Admiral Don José de Córdoba Y Ramos.


The Spanish fleet was formed in two loose columns, one of about 18 ships to windward and the other, of about 9 ships, somewhat closer to the British. The single British steered to pass between the two Spanish columns.

The British line, led by Culloden, tacked in succession to reverse course and overhaul the larger Spanish column. The smaller Spanish division engaged the British line at the point they were tacking and some British ships were damaged and fell out of the line. As the last ship in the British line passed the end of the main Spanish line, the British line was in a U shape with Culloden in the lead and on the reverse course but chasing the rear of the Spanish. The Spanish lee division bore up in an effort to join their compatriots. Nelson, in Captain, towards the rear of the British line, disobeying previous ordered Captain Miller to take Captain out of line and engaged tthe smaller group. Other British ships from both ends of the line CullodenExcellentBlenheim and Prince George, supported this and prevented the two Spanish groups combining. The Captain was now under fire from up to as six Spanish ships, three of  112 guns and including Cordóba's flagship Santísima Trinidad (130).

San Nicolás ran foul of San José, and they were boarded and taken by Captain, whilst 2 other Spanish ships struck to the supporting ships.

Novels based around this battle.

  Ships Guns Captain Ships fate
British Fleet      
UK Culloden 74 Thomas Troubridge  
UK Blenheim 90 Thomas Lenox Frederick  
UK Prince George 98

Flag - Rear Admiral William Parker
Cptn. - John Irwin

UK Orion 74 James Saumarez  
UK Colossus 74 George Murray  
UK Irresistible 74 George Martin  
UK Victory 100 Flag - Admiral Sir John Jervis
Cptn. of the Fleet - Robert Calder
Cptn. - George Grey
UK Egmont 74 John Sutton  
UK Goliath 74 Charles H. Knowles  
UK Barfleur 98 Flag - Vice-Admiral William Waldegrave
Cptn. - James Richard Dacres
UK Brittania 100 Flag - Vice-Admiral Charles Thompson
Cptn. - Thomas Foley
UK Namur 90 James Hawkins Whitshed  
UK Captain 74 Flag - Commodore Horatio Nelson (Wounded)
Cptn. - Ralph Willett Miller
UK Diadem 64 George Henry Towry  
UK Excellent 74 Cuthbert Collingwood  
Spantish Fleet      
Spain Santísima Trinidad 130 Flag - Vice-Admiral Don José de Córdoba Y Ramos.
Cptn. - ? 
Badly damaged
Spain Conde de Regla 112 ?  
Spain Mexicano 112 Flag - Admiral P. De Cárdenas
Cptn. - F de Herrera 
Spain Principe de Asturias 112 Flag - Admiral J. Moreno
Cptn. - A. De Escaño
Spain Purísima Concepcion 112 Flag - Admiral Morales de los Ríos
Cptn. - ? 
Spain Salvador del Mundo 112 D. A. Yepes UK Captured
Spain San José 112 Flag - Admiral Francisco Javier Winthuysen
Cptn. - ? 
UK Captured
Spain Neptuno 80  
Spain San Nicolas 80 T. Geraldino UK Captured
Spain Atlante 74 G. Vallejo  
Spain Bahama 74 ?  
Spain Conquistador 74 J. Butler  
Spain Firme 74 B. Ayala  
Spain Glorioso 74 ?  
Spain Infante Pelayo 74 C. Valdés  
Spain Oriente 74 J. Suárez  
Spain San Antonia 74 S. Medina  
Spain San Domingo 74 M. De Torres  
Spain San Fermin 74 J. De Torres  
Spain San Francisco de Paula 74 J. De Guimbarda  
Spain San Genaro 74 A. de Villavicencio  
Spain San Ildefenso 74 R. Maestre  
Spain San Juan Nepomuceno 74 A. Boneo  
Spain San Pablo 74 B. de Cisneros  
Spain San Isidoro 74 T. Argumosa UK Captured
Spain Soberano 74 J. V. Yáñez  
Spain Terrible 74  
British Fleet - Also Present      
UK Minerve 38 George Cockburn  
UK Lively 32 Lord Garlies  
UK Niger 32 Edward James Foote  
UK Southampton 32 James Macnamara  
UK La Bonne Citoyenne 20 Charles Lindsay  
UK Raven 18 Commander William Prowse  
UK Fox 10 Lieutenant John Gibson  
Spanish Fleet - Also Present      
Spain Atocha 34    
Spain Ceres 34    
Spain Diana 34    
Spain Matilda 34    
Spain Mercedes 34    
Spain Perla 34    
Spain Santa Brigida 34    


Position 11:35 Position 12:30 Position 13:05

Battle of the SaintesThe Battle of the Saintes started on the 12th April 1782 and took place over 4 days in the West Indies between Dominica and Guadeloupe.

The Royal Navy, under the command of Sir George Rodney with 36 ships of the line defeated a French fleet of 33 ships under the command of the Comte De Grasse.


De Grasse reversed his course to protect a dismasted ship that was being chased by four British ships as he made for Guadaloupe. The change of course and a sudden shift of wind left gaps in the French line and Rodney's flagship Formidable and several other ships, including the Duke and the Bedford, broke through, raking the ships as they did so. The resultant confusion in the French line and the severe damage to several of the French ships, including De Grasse's flagship Ville de Paris, led eventually to De Grasse's surrender and the retreat of many of his ships in disorder. Four French ships were captured and one, César, blew up after she was taken.

The British lost 243 killed, including 2 capytains, and 816 wounded. The French loss in killed and wounded has never been stated, but of captains alone, six were killed.. It is estimated that the French loss may have been as much as 8,000. A total of over 5,000 French soldiers and sailors were captured.

Novels based around this battle.

  Ships Guns Captain Ships fate
  British Fleet - Van  
UK Marlborough 74 Taylor Penny  
UK Arrogant 74 Samuel Cornish  
UK Alcide 74 Charles Thompson  
UK Nonsuch 74 William Truscott  
UK Conqueror 74 George Balfour  
UK Princesse 70

Flag - Rear-Admiral Sir F. Samuel Drake
Cptn. - Charles Knatchbull

UK Prince George 98 James Williams  
UK Torbay 74 John Gidoin  
UK Anson 64 William Blair (Killed in Action)  
UK Fame 74 Robert Barber  
UK Russell 74 James Saumarez  
  British Fleet - Centre  
UK America 64 Samuel Thompson  
UK Hercules 74 Henry Savage  
UK Prothée 64 Charles Buckner  
UK Resolution 74 Lord Robert Manners  
UK Agamemnon 64 Benjamin Caldwell  
UK Duke 98 Alan Gardner  
UK Formidable 98

Flag - Admiral Sir George Brydges Rodney
Cptn. of the Fleet - Sir Charles Douglas
Cptn. - John Symonds

UK Namur 90 Charles Inglis  
UK St Albans 64 William Cornwallis  
UK Canada 74 Thomas Dumaresq  
UK Repulse 64 N. Charrington  
UK Ajax 74 Robert Fanshawe  
UK Bedford 74 Flag - Commodore Thomas Graves
Cptn. - Sir Edmund Affleck
  British Fleet - Rear  
UK Prince William 64 George Wilkinson  
UK Magnificent 74 Robert Linzee  
UK Centaur 74 John Nicholson Inglefield  
UK Belliqueux 64 Alexander Sutherland  
UK Warrior 74 James Wallace  
UK Monarch 74 Francis Reynolds  
UK Barfleur 90 Flag - Vice-Admiral Sir Samuel Hood
Cptn. - John Knight
UK Valiant 74 G. S. Goodall  
  Yarmouth 64 A. Parry  
  Montagu 74 George Bowen  
UK Alfred 74 W. Bayne  
UK Royal Oak 74 Thomas Burnett  
  French Fleet - Blue (Third) Squadron  
France Hercule 74 Chadeau de la Clocheterie  
France Souverain 74 de Glandevez  
France Palmier 74 de Martelly-Chautard  
France Northumberland 74 de Saint Cézaire (Killed in Action)   
France Neptune 74 Renaud d'Aleins  
France Auguste 80 Flag - Rear-Admiral Louis-Antoine, Comte de Bougainville
Cptn - Castellan
France Ardent 64 de Gouzillon UK Captured
France Scipion 74 de Chavel  
France Brave 74 d'Amblimont  
France Citoyen 74 d'Ethy  
  French Fleet - White (First) Squadron  
France Hector 74 de la Vicomte UK Captured
France César 74 de Marigny UK Captured & burnt
France Dauphin Royal 70 de Roquefeuil-Montperoux  
France Languedoc 80 d'Arros d'Argelos  
France Ville de Paris 104 Flag - Admiral François Joseph Paul, Marquis de Grasse Tilly, Comte de Grasse
Cptn. - Lavilleon de Vaugirauld
UK Captured
France Couronne 80 Mithon de Genouilly  
France Eveillé 64 le Gardeur de Tilly  
France Sceptre 74 de Vaudreuil  
France Glorieux 74 d'Escars UK Captured
  French Fleet - Blue (Second) Squadron  
France Diadème 74 de Monteclerc  
France Destin 74 Dumaitz de Goimpy  
France Magnanime 74 le Begue  
France Refléchi 64 de Medine  
France Conquérant 74 de la Grandiere  
France Magnifique 74 Macarthy Macteigne  
France Triomphant 80 Flag - Vice-Admiral Louis-Philippe Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil
du Pavillon
France Bourgogne 74 de Charitte  
France Duc de Bourgogne 80 Coriolis d'Espinouse De Champ-martin  
France Marseillais 74 de Castellane Majastre  
France Pluton 74 d'Albert de Rions  
  French Fleet - Also Present  
France Richemond (frigate)   Montemart   


© 2008-2015 David Hayes (Astrodene)