Battle of Cape St. Vincent
The Battle of Cape St. Vincent took place on the 14th February 1797 off the coast of Portugal.
The Royal Navy, under the command of Admiral Sir John Jervis with 15 ships of the line defeated a Spanish fleet of 27 ships under the command of Vice-Admiral Don José de Córdoba Y Ramos.
The Spanish fleet was formed in two loose columns, one of about 18 ships to windward and the other, of about 9 ships, somewhat closer to the British. The single British steered to pass between the two Spanish columns.
The British line, led by Culloden, tacked in succession to reverse course and overhaul the larger Spanish column. The smaller Spanish division engaged the British line at the point they were tacking and some British ships were damaged and fell out of the line. As the last ship in the British line passed the end of the main Spanish line, the British line was in a U shape with Culloden in the lead and on the reverse course but chasing the rear of the Spanish. The Spanish lee division bore up in an effort to join their compatriots. Nelson, in Captain, towards the rear of the British line, disobeying previous ordered Captain Miller to take Captain out of line and engaged tthe smaller group. Other British ships from both ends of the line Culloden, Excellent, Blenheim and Prince George, supported this and prevented the two Spanish groups combining. The Captain was now under fire from up to as six Spanish ships, three of 112 guns and including Cordóba's flagship Santísima Trinidad (130).
San Nicolás ran foul of San José, and they were boarded and taken by Captain, whilst 2 other Spanish ships struck to the supporting ships.
|Blenheim||90||Thomas Lenox Frederick|
Flag - Rear Admiral William Parker
|Victory||100||Flag - Admiral Sir John Jervis
Cptn. of the Fleet - Robert Calder
Cptn. - George Grey
|Goliath||74||Charles H. Knowles|
|Barfleur||98||Flag - Vice-Admiral William Waldegrave
Cptn. - James Richard Dacres
|Brittania||100||Flag - Vice-Admiral Charles Thompson
Cptn. - Thomas Foley
|Namur||90||James Hawkins Whitshed|
|Captain||74||Flag - Commodore Horatio Nelson (Wounded)
Cptn. - Ralph Willett Miller
|Diadem||64||George Henry Towry|
|Santísima Trinidad||130||Flag - Vice-Admiral Don José de Córdoba Y Ramos.
Cptn. - ?
|Conde de Regla||112||?|
|Mexicano||112||Flag - Admiral P. De Cárdenas
Cptn. - F de Herrera
|Principe de Asturias||112||Flag - Admiral J. Moreno
Cptn. - A. De Escaño
|Purísima Concepcion||112||Flag - Admiral Morales de los Ríos
Cptn. - ?
|Salvador del Mundo||112||D. A. Yepes||Captured|
|San José||112||Flag - Admiral Francisco Javier Winthuysen
Cptn. - ?
|San Nicolas||80||T. Geraldino||Captured|
|Infante Pelayo||74||C. Valdés|
|San Antonia||74||S. Medina|
|San Domingo||74||M. De Torres|
|San Fermin||74||J. De Torres|
|San Francisco de Paula||74||J. De Guimbarda|
|San Genaro||74||A. de Villavicencio|
|San Ildefenso||74||R. Maestre|
|San Juan Nepomuceno||74||A. Boneo|
|San Pablo||74||B. de Cisneros|
|San Isidoro||74||T. Argumosa||Captured|
|Soberano||74||J. V. Yáñez|
|British Fleet - Also Present|
|Niger||32||Edward James Foote|
|La Bonne Citoyenne||20||Charles Lindsay|
|Raven||18||Commander William Prowse|
|Fox||10||Lieutenant John Gibson|
|Spanish Fleet - Also Present|