This Day in Naval History - April
|01 April||1742||HMS Eltham(44), Cptn. Edward Smith, and HMS Lively(20), Cptn. Stewart, engaged three Spanish ships of 60, 40 and 30 Guns off St. Kitts.|
|1761||HMS Isis (50) took French Oriflamme (56)|
|1797||HMS Hazard(18), Alexander Ruddach, captured French brig-privateer Hardi(18) off the Skellocks, Ireland.|
Boats of HMS Mercury(28), Cptn. Henry Duncan, cut out Venetian gunboat Ledaat Rovigno.
HMS Amelia(38), Cptn. Frederick Paul Irby, destroyed batteries in Aix Roads.
|1755||HEICS Protectorattacked and destroyed the fortress of Tulaji Angre|
|1781||US Frigate Alliance captures 2 British privateers, Marsand Minerva|
First Battle of Copenhagen. British under Vice Ad. Nelson destroy moored Danish ships under Cptn. Johan Olfert Fischer.
HMS Apollo(36), Cptn. John William Taylor Dixon, wrecked running on shore in Mondego Bay, Portugal.
HMS Hindostan (54), Cptn. John Le Gros, caught fire off the coast of Spain and blew up after the crew got ashore.
Boats of HMS Porcupine(22), Cptn. Sir George R. Collier, captured 12 and destroyed 4 vessels.
HMS Gleaner(12), Lt. Alexander Barclay Branch, fouled by other vessels off the mouth of the Adour in a storm and driven ashore.
|03 April||1801||Boats of HMS Trent(36), Cptn. Sir Edward Hamilton, drove ashore 2 armed escorts and captured French prize.|
|1804||HMS Swift(8), Lt. William Martin Leake (Killed in Action), captured by French privateer Esperance(10), Cptn. Escoffier.|
|1805||HMS Bacchante(22), Cptn. Charles Dashwood, captured Spanish schooner Elisabeth (10) off Havana.|
|1813||Boats of HMS San Domingo (74) and consorts captured 4 schooners, Arab (7), Lynx (6), Racer (6) and Dolphin(12), in the mouth of the Rappahannock River.|
|04 April||1655||Burning of the Tunis ships in Porto Farino by British fleet under Robert Blake|
|1759||HMS Achilles(60), Cptn. Hon. Samuel Barrington, took French privateer Le Comte de St. Florentine (60), Cptn. Sieur de Montay, off Cape Finisterre.|
Continental Navy frigate Columbus captures HM Tender Hawke, first American capture of British armed vessel
|1789||HMS Bounty left Tahiti for the West Indies with breadfruit.|
|1798||HMS Pallas(32), Cptn. Henry Curzon, lost anchor in a gale and drove on the rocks under Mount Batten, Plymouth.|
|1806||HMS Renommee(44), Cptn. Sir Thomas Livingstone, captured Spanish brig Vigilante, (18), Lt Don Joseph Julian, from under Fort Callartes, Cape de Gata.|
|1808||HMS Alceste(38), Cptn. Murray Maxwell, HMS Mercury(28), Cptn. James Alexander Gordon, and HMS Grasshopper(18), Thomas Searle, took 7 vessels and drove many others ashore at Rota.|
Boats of HMS Success(32), Cptn. John Ayscough, and HMS Espoir(18), Robert Mitford, took and set on fire 2 vessels at Castiglione, Calabria.
HMS CuckooBrig (4), Lt. Sam. Nisbett, wrecked on Haaks, off Texel.
|1812||Capture of a French privateer xebec Martinet (2) by the Boats of HMS Maidstone(32), Cptn. George Burdett off Cap de Gatt.|
|1854||Sailors and Marines from sailing sloop, Plymouth, protect U.S. citizens at Shanghai|
Thomas Masterman Hardy born in Portisham, Dorset.
|1772||HMS Resolution,Cdr. James Cook, and HMS Adventure,Lt. Tobias Furneaux, sailed on voyage of discovery.|
|1805||Boats of HMS Bacchante(22), Cptn. Charles Dashwood, at stormed a tower and cut out 2 schooners at Mariel, Havana.|
|1849||The Battle of Eckernførde. Danish Ship-of-the-Line Christian VIII, the frigate Gefion and the paddle steamers Hekla and Geiser, under Cdr. S. G. Paludan, attacks the German gun batteries at Eckernførde inlet. Christian VIII takes fire and blows up, while Gefion strikes to the Germans.|
|06 April||1776||Continental frigates Warren(34), Commodore John Burroughs Hopkins,and Queen of France(28), Cptn. Joseph Olney, with sloop-of-war Ranger (18), Lt. Simpson, capture British privateer schooner Hibernia (10) and the following day 7 merchant vessels|
|1797||Boats of HMS Magicienne(32), Cptn. William Henry Ricketts, and HMS Regulus(44) destroyed 11 and cut out 2 merchantmen in the harbour of Cape Roxo, St. Domingo.|
|1800||Boats of HMS Leviathan(74), Cptn. Carpenter, and HMS Emerald(36), Cptn. M. Waller, captured Spanish brig Los Ingleses (14)|
Boats of HMS Pallas(32), Cptn. Lord Cochrane, cut out Tapageuse (14) one of two French brig-corvettes lying in the river Gironde leading to Bordeaux.
While awaiting the return of her boats, Pallas drove on shore two French ship-corvettes, Garonne(20) and Gloire (20), and the brig-corvette Malicieuse (16).
|1809||HMS Amethyst(36), Cptn. Michael Seymour, captured French frigate Niemen(44), Cptn. Dupotet, in the Bay of Biscay.|
|1810||HMS Sylviacutter (12), Lt. Augustus Vere Drury, destroyed armed piratical proa in Straits of Sundra.|
|1811||HMS Arrow(10) in action with chasse marées.|
|1826||Boats of HMS Alacrity(10), George James Hope Johnstone, took 3 Greek pirate vessels off the island of Psara.|
|1862||Naval Gunfire from Tyler and Lexington help save Union Troops at Battle of Shiloh|
|07 April||1776||Continental brig Lexington, Cptn. John Barry, captures British sloop tender Edward off the Delaware|
|1800||HMS Leviathan(74), Cptn. Carpenter, and HMS Emerald(36), Cptn. M. Waller, captured Spanish frigates Carmen(34), Dom Fraquin Porcel, and Florentina(34), Dom Manuel Norates. 11 merchantmen were also taken.|
|1810||HMS Sylvia cutter (12), Lt. Augustus Vere Drury, captured piratical proa in Straits of Sundra.|
|08 April||1681||HMS Nonsuch (42) and HMS Adventure (34), Cptn. William Booth, capture Algerine warship Golden Horse (46).|
|1709||HMS Bristol (48) captured by French squadron of Achilles(60) and Glorieux(44), under Duguay-Trouin.|
|1740||British squadron of HMS Lennox (70), Cptn. Colvill Mayne, HMS Kent (70), Cptn. Durell, and HMS Orford (70), Cptn. Lord Augustus FitzRoy, captured Spanish Princesa (64), Don Parlo Augustino de Gera, off Cape Finisterre|
|1798||HMS Diamond(38), Cptn. Sir R. J. Strachan, and HMS Hydra(38), Cptn. Sir Francis Laforey, engaged 33 invasion barges in the Caen River.|
|1814||Seamen and marines from HMS Hogue (74), Cptn. Hon. Thomas Blayden Capel, HMS Maidstone (32), Cptn. George Burdett, HMS Endymion (50), Cptn. Henry Hope, and HMS Borer destroyed 27 American vessels in the Connecticut River.|
|1709||British channel squadron under Lord Dursley defeated French squadron under Duguay-Trouin, taking Glorieux (44), and re-taking HMS Bristol which sank soon afterwards.|
Horatio Nelson passes examination for lieutenant.
|1792||HMS Providence, Cptn. William Bligh, and HMS Assistant arrive at Tahiti on 2nd breadfruit voyage.|
|1799||HMS San Fiorenzo(38), Cptn. Sir H. Burrard Neale, and HMS Amelia(38), Cptn. Hon. Charles Herbert, engaged three French frigates, Cornelie, Vengeance and Semillante, off Belle Isle.|
|1804||HMS Amazon(38), Cptn. William Parker, captured a brig under fire at Sepet.|
|1805||HMS Gracieuse tender (14), Midshipman John Bernhard Smith, destroyed a Spanish armed schooner off San Domingo.|
|10 April||1746||Privateer Alexander (20) Cptn Phillips, cut out & recaptured Solebay (24) from St. Martin's road.|
|1769||HMS Endeavour, Lt. James Cook, arrived at Tahiti.|
|1777||Lt. Horatio Nelson appointed to the frigate Lowestoft.|
|1794||Capture of the Saintes by British.|
|1795||British squadron under Rear Ad. Colpoys engaged three French frigate in the Channel. HMS Astraea(32), Cptn. Lord Henry Paulet, captured Gloire (36) and HMS Hannibal(74), Cptn. Markham, captured Gentille (36). Fraternite (36) escaped.|
|1799||HMS Lord Mulgrave (26) wrecked on Arklow Bank, Irish Channel.|
|1804||HMS Wilhelmina(32), Cptn. Henry Lambert, engaged french privateer Psyche(36), Cptn. Trogoff in the Indian Ocean|
|11 April||1783||US Congress declares end of war with Great Britain|
|1794||HMS Proselytefloating battery, Cptn. Walter Serocold, destroyed by fire from the French batteries at Bastia.|
|1796||HMS Ca Ira (80), Cptn. Pater, burnt by accident and blown up in St. Fiorenzo Bay.|
|1809||Cptn. Thomas Cochrane leads fireship raid on the French fleet in the Aix roads|
|1810||HMS Sylvia cutter (12), Lt. Augustus Vere Drury, sank a piratical proa in Straits of Sundra.|
|1813||Devil's Island, Corfu, and 2 prizes taken by boats of HMS Apollo(38), Cptn. Bridges W. Taylor, and HMS Cerberus(32), Cptn. Thomas Garth|
HMS Apollo hospital ship, Lt. Robert Wilson, wrecked between Cudalore and Fort St. David's.
Battle of the Saintes. British fleet under Sir George Rodney defeat the French fleet under the Comte De Grasse in the West Indies.
Battle of Providien. British fleet under Vice-Admiral Sir Edward Hughes engaged a French fleet under the Bailli de Suffren near a rocky islet called Providien, south of Trincomalee, Ceylon.
|1798||HMS Lively(32), Cptn. James Nicoll Morris, wrecked on Rosa Point, near Cadiz.|
|1800||Boats of HMS Calypso(16), Cptn Joseph Baker, cut out Diligence (6) off Cape Tiberon.|
|1806||HMS Brave(74), Cdr. Edmund Boger, foundered off the Azores in passage from Jamaica to England.|
|1810||HMS Unicorn(32), Cptn. Alex. Robert Kerr, captured Esperance (flute).|
|1838||HMS Rapid(10), Lt. Hon. Graham Hay St. Vincent de Ros Kinnaird, wrecked off Crete.|
|1861||Civil War begins when Confederates fire on Fort Sumter, SC|
|13 April||1749||HMS Pembroke(66), Cptn. Thomas Fincher, wrecked on Coldroon point, India.|
|1753||HMS Prince George (90), burnt accidentally|
|1769||Captain Cook arrives at Tahiti|
HMS Victory(100), Cptn. Jonathan Faulknor, sailed on first commissioned voyage
|1796||HMS Revolutionnaire (44) captured Unite (38) off Ushant.|
|1799||HMS Amaranthe (14), Francis Vesy, captured French letter of marque schooner Vengeur (6).|
|1810||4 Danish gun boats, under Lt. Skibsted, capture the British gunboat Grinder off the island of Samsoe.|
|14 April||1749||HMS Namur(90), Cptn. Marshal, foundered Fort St. David's road, India.|
|1793||HMS Phaeton(38), Cptn. Sir Andrew Snape Douglas, captured French privateer General Dumourier (22) to the west of Cape Finisterre. San-Iago, a large Spanish galleon prize, also struck to Phaeton but was taken possession of by HMS Ganges (74), Cptnn Anthony James Pye Molloy.|
|1809||Start of 4 day engagement in which HMS Pompee(80), Cptn. Sir William Fahie, HMS Neptune(98), Cptn. Sir T. Williams, HMS Castor(32), Cptn. Roberts and HMS Recruit (18), Charles Napier, took French D'Hautpoult (74) off Cuba|
|1813||Melera Island, Corfu, captured by HMS Apollo(38), Cptn. Bridges W. Taylor, and HMS Cerberus(32), Cptn. Thomas Garth|
|1828||HMS Contest Gun-boat (12), Lt. Edward Plaggenborg, and HMS Acorn Sloop (18) wrecked on Halifax Station.|
|1857||HMS Raleigh (50) wrecked near Macao|
|15 April||1805||Boats of HMS Papillon, William Woolsey, captured Spanish felucca-rigged privateer Conception (1) off Jamaica.|
|1809||HMS Intrepid(64), Cptn. Hon. Warwick Lake, engaged French frigates Furieuse(flute 20), Lt. Gabriel-Etienne-Louis Le Marant-Kerdaniel,and Felicite (flute 14).|
|16 April||1695||Capture of HMS Hope(70), Cptn. Henry Robinson, by French squadron under Duguay-Trouin in the Channel.|
|1767||Richard Parker, later President of the "Floating Republic" at the Nore, born.|
|1781||British squadron under Commodore George Johnstone at anchor in Porto Praya Bay, Cape de Verd Islands, attacked by French squadron under Admiral Suffren|
Spithead Mutiny starts
French Harmonie (44) beached and set on fire at St. Domigue to avoid capture by HMS Thunderer (74) and HMS Valiant
|1812||Capture of 9 coasting vessels by HMS Pilot(18), Cptn. John Toup Nicolas, and boats at Policastro.|
|1863||Union gunboats pass Confederate batteries at Vicksburg|
|17 April||1778||Continental Sloop-of-war Ranger (18), John Paul Jones, captures British brig|
|1780||British fleet under Admiral Sir George Rodney engaged French fleet under Admiral de Guichen off Martinique.|
Cptn. John Jervis, HMS Foudroyant (20), chased French squadron, and captured one of the largest ships, the Pegase. Jervis received a minor wound and his achievement in this action was rewarded with a knighthood.
|1796||Boats of HMS Diamond(38), Cptn. Sir W. Sidney Smith, captured Le Vengeur at Havre de Grace, Seine estuary. The French cut the cable and unable to escape Sir Sidney and the crew were taken prisoner.|
|1806||HMS Sirius(36), Cptn. Prowse, took Bergere (18), Cptn. Chaney Duolvis, at Civita Vecchia.|
|1807||HMS Sally engaged off Danzig.|
|1813||HMS Alutine captured Invincible.|
|18 April||1740||HMS Lenox(70), Cptn. Covill Mayne, HMS Kent(70), Cptn. Thomas Durell, and HMS Orford(70), Cptn. Fitzroy, captured Spanish Princessa (70).|
|1742||HMS Saltash (14) wrecked off the coast of Portugal.|
|19 April||1759||HMS Falcon bomb (8) wrecked in the West Indies|
|1770||Captain cook discovers East coast of Australia|
|1783||George Washington proclaims end of hostilities|
|1806||HMS Colpoys (14), Thomas Usher, and HMS Attack(14) cut out chasse-marees Vincent Gabriel and the Murie Francaise and destroyed a battery and a signal station in the river Douillan coast of Brittany.|
|1861||President Lincoln orders blockade of Southern ports from South Carolina to Texas|
|20 April||1657||British fleet under Robert Blake totally destroyed a Spanish silver fleet of 16 ships at Santa Cruz Bay, Tenerife.|
|1781||HMS Resource(28), Cptn. Bartholomew Rowley, took Licorne, former Unicorn, (28) off Cape Blaize.|
US Congress authorizes completion of 3 frigates.
HMS Indefatigable (44), Sir Edward Pellew, captured French frigate Virginie(40), Cptn. Jacques Bergeret, off the Lizard
HMS Inconstant (36) captured Unite (36) in the Mediterranean. The Unite was taken into the Royal Navy as HMS Surprise made famous by the Patrick O'Brian series about Jack Aubrey.
|1805||HMS Renard(18), Cdr. Jeremiah Coghlan, engaged privateer General Ernouf (16), Paul Gerard Pointe, which caught fire and blew up in the West Indies|
HMS Widgeon (8), Lt. George Elliot (2), driven ashore on the Scottish coast and wrecked.
|1809||HMS Alemene (32), W. Henry Tremlett, wrecked on a shoal at the mouth of the Loire.|
|1810||Boats of HMS Firm (12), Lt. John Little, HMS Surly (10), Lt. Richard Welch, and HMS Sharpshooter (14), Lt. John Goldie, cut out privateer Alcide (4) from the mouth of the Piron where she had run ashore.|
|1814||HMS Orpheus(36), Cptn. Hugh Pigot, and HMS Shelburne (12), Lt. David Hope, captured USS sloop Frolic (22), Joseph Bainbridge, off Matanzas Point, Cuba|
|1861||Norfolk Navy Yard abandoned and burned by Union forces.|
|21 April||1770||HMS Endeavour, Lt. James Cook, arrived Point Hicks, Australia.|
|1798||HMS Mars(74), Cptn. Alexander Hood, captured French Hercule (74)|
|1800||HMS Lark (16), Lt. Hugh Cook, engaged a French privateer.|
|1806||HMS Tremendous (74) and HMS Hindostan (50) engaged Canonniere (50)|
|1822||HMS Confiance Sloop (18), Wm.Thomas Morgan, wrecked between Moyin Head and Three Castle Head, Crookhaven.|
|1861||USS Saratoga (22) captures slaver Nightingale off Cabinda.|
Battle of Augusta. A French fleet of 29 men-of-war, 5 frigates and 8 fireships under Abraham Duquesne engaged 17 Dutch and 10 Spanish ships plus 5 fireships under Lieutenant-Admiral-General Michiel de Ruyter. The battle was a short but intense affair and ended abruptly when Duquesne, after hearing that De Ruyter had been mortally wounded, retreated. Neither side lost a ship, though there were many dead and wounded, especially among the Dutch.
|1778||Captain John Paul Jones of Ranger leads landing party raid on Whitehaven, England|
|1786||HMS Cyrus armed transport (10), A Davidson, lost at Barbados|
HMS Goree (18), Joseph Spear, engaged French brigs Pilade and Palinure in Grande Bourg Bay at Marie Galante.
HMS Bermuda Sloop (18), William Henry Byam, wrecked on Memory Rock, Little Bahama Bank.
|1854||Odessa reconnoitred by HMS Samson paddle steamer (6), Cptn. Lewis Tobias Jones, and HMS Terrible paddle steamer (19), Cptn. James Johnstone McCleverty.|
|1813||HMS Weazle (18), Cdr. James Black, destroyed 14 French vessels at Bossolina (or Boscaline) Bay|
|23 April||1598||Maarten Harpertszoon Tromp born|
|1697||George Anson born|
|1782||HMS Queen (98), Cptn. Maitland, took Actionnaire (64 flute)|
|1794||HMS Arethusa (38), Cptn. Sir Edward Pellew, and HMS Flora (36), Cptn. Sir John B. Warren, captured French Pomone (44) and Babet (22) off Guernsey. The rest of the squadron, HMS Melampus (36), HMS Nymphe (36),and HMS Concorde (36), Cptn. Sir Richard Strachan, captured Engageante (38) but Résolue escaped.|
|1797||HMS Magicienne (32), Cptn. William Henry Ricketts, HMS Regulus (44), and HMS Fortune (14), took a sloop (6) and four schooners and drove off an attacking force at Careasse Bay, Haiti.|
|1804||Cuthbert Collingwood promoted to Rear-Admiral.|
|1805||HMS Gallant (14). Lt. Thomas Shirley, and consorts captured eight gun-vessels off Cap Gris Nez.|
|1809||HMS Spartan (38), Cptn. Jahleel Brenton, HMS Amphion (32), Cptn. William Hoste, and HMS Mercury (28), Cptn. Henry Duncan, bombarded Pesaro, took 13 vessels and destroyed a castle.|
|24 April||1753||HMS Assurance (44), Cptn. Carr Scrope, wrecked on the Needles|
John Paul Jones in Continental Navy sloop Ranger (18) captures HMS Drake (20), off Carrickfergus, Ireland.
King George visited Chatham and Sheerness.
|1797||HMS Albion (74) wrecked off Swin|
|1798||HMS Pearl (32) engaged two French frigates Vertu, Charles René Magon de Médine, and Régénérée escorting a convoy of two Spanish ships of the line back to Europe.|
|1808||HMS Grasshopper (18), Thomas Searle, and HMS Rapid (14), Lt. Henry Baugh, captured two merchantmen and two escorting gunboats and drove two gunboats ashore at Faro.|
|1813||Boats of HMS Apollo (38), Cptn. Bridges W. Taylor, captured a felucca at S. Cataldo, near Brindisi|
|1862||Battle of New Orleans; Union Navy under David Farragut runs past forts into Mississippi River|
|25 April||1725||Augustus Keppel born|
|1796||HMS Agamemnon (64), Cptn. Horatio Nelson, and squadron captured French vessels at Finale.|
|1800||HMS Lark (16), J. H. Wilson, captured French privateer cutter Impregnable (14) which had run ashore on Vlie Island|
|1805||HMS Archer (14), Lt. William price, captured two gun-vessels off Cap Gris Nez.|
|1806||HMS Pallas (32), Cptn. Lord Cochrane, reconnoitred Isle of Aix.|
|1808||HMS Forward (14), Lt. Sheils, towed in boats of consorts and captured ten sail at Flodstrand.|
|1810||HMS Spartan (38), Capt. Jahleel Brenton, HMS Success (32), Cptn. John Ayscough, and HMS Espoir (18), Robert Mitford, engaged batteries and took 4 vessels at Monte Circello.|
|1811||3 Danish gunboats, under Sub Lt. Christen F. Klinck, engage at Kongshavn near Uddevalla, Sweden the British cutters The Swan and Hero. The Swan is captured.|
|1845||HMS Skylark (10), Lt. George Morris, wrecked on the Kimmeridge Ledge on the Dorset coast|
|1862||Union naval forces occupy New Orleans, LA|
|26 April||1706||Relief of Barcelona by British.|
|1797||HMS Irresistible (74), Cptn George Martin, and HMS Emerald (36), Cptn. Jacob Waller, captured Spanish frigates Elena (36) and Nimfa (36) in Conil Bay, near Cape Trafalgar. Elena ran ashore and was got off but was so damaged that she had to be destroyed.|
|1809||HMS Thrasher gun-brig engaged Flotilla near Boulogne.|
|27 April||1796||HMS Niger (33), Cptn. Edward J. Foote, and boats destroyed Eaireuil.|
US Naval forces capture Derne, Tripoli
|1811||The monument to the memory of Lord Nelson, in Guildhall, opened for public inspection.|
|28 April||1758||HMS Tryton (24), Cptn. Thomas Manning, and HMS Bridgewater (24), Cptn. John Stanton, run ashore burnt on the Coromandel Coast to avoid capture by French Squadron under Comte d'Aché.|
|1789||Mutiny on the Bounty|
|1810||HMS Sylvia cutter (12), Lt. Augustus Vere Drury, captured Dutch gun-brig Echo (8) in Straits of Sundra|
|29 April||1744||HMS Dreadnought (60), Cptn. Hon. Edward Boscawen, and HMS Grampus (14), Cptn. Gordon, captured French frigate Medea (26), Cptn. Hoquart, in the Channel|
The naval Battle of Cuddalore. Indecisive battle between a British squadron under Vice-Admiral George Pocock and French squadron under Comte d'Aché.
HMS London (6) wrecked in Senegal river
|1781||British Fleet under Samuel Hood engaged a French fleet under De Grasse off Martinique.|
|1807||Boats of HMS Richmond (14), Lt. S. S. Heming, captured Spanish privateer lugger Gaillard.|
|1808||Boats of HMS Falcon (14), Lt. John Price (act. Cdr.), destroyed 14 Danish boats in the islands of Endelau and Thuno at the northern end of the Great Belt.|
|1809||HMS Alcmene (32), Cptn. William Henry Brown Tremlett, while chasing an enemy, was wrecked on a reef of rocks near the Loire.|
Boats of HMS Leviathan (74), Cptn. Patrick Campbell, and HMS Undaunted (38) captured 5 vessels.
Start of 7 day deployment of boats of HMS Marlborough (74), Cptn. C. B. Ross, and consorts in Chesapeake Bay.
HMS Elizabeth (74) and HMS Eagle (74) captured five and destroyed two of a convoy of seven armed merchant vessels laden with oil off Goro.
|1814||USS Peacock (22) captures HMS Epervier (18)|
|30 April||1796||HMS Agamemnon (64), Cptn. Horatio Nelson, and squadron captured six vessels at Oneglia.|
|1815||HMS Rivoli (74) captured Melpomene off Ischia.|
*Dates of events prior to September 1752 may be quoted differently in some countries as both the Julian and Gregorian calendars were in use by countries. Calendars were regularised when Britain passed the Calendar Act of 1751 An Act for Regulating the Commencement of the Year; and for Correcting the Calendar now in Use.